PERIODO: XX SECOLO
parole chiave: Conservazione
All life on Earth depends on a healthy ocean
Billions of us rely on it for food, livelihoods and many other services. A healthy ocean means healthy people, food security, regional stability and a flourishing ‘blue economy’. Irresponsible practices are pushing our ocean systems to the point of collapse. Improved management can help reverse this decline and restore ocean health. Working with communities, civil society, businesses and governments around the world, WWF is solving the biggest challenges facing our marine environment.
Everyone is linked to the ocean
The world’s ocean and coasts are home to an incredible array of life and vital to human health, livelihoods and cultures.
But damaging and unsustainable human activities are weakening the ocean. Fragile ecosystems such as corals are dying (corals are predicted to disappear by 2050), some species are at risk of extinction and others with major commercial value are just a shadow of their former abundance. Why is that a problem? Coral reefs provide refuges for a myriad of fish species and other marine life, as well as protection from storms and economic value of close to a trillion USD.
Fisheries need to be carefully managed in order to be productive and to avoid undermining the ocean’s health. We pay the price – when the ocean suffers, so do millions of people around the world who depend directly on the marine environment to feed themselves and their families and who benefit from its many other major contributions to their lives. Populations of fish critical to human food security are in serious decline worldwide with some at risk of collapse according to the Living Blue Planet Report.
What WWF is doing
Our decades of experience, from the Gulf of Mexico to the Southern Oceans, has shown that people are key to sustain the ocean. Through projects that respond to people’s needs – for food, jobs, well-being – over the long term we can revive this complex but priceless biological engine which we all depend on. WWF promotes a Sustainable Blue Economy to ensure that the economic development of the ocean contributes to true prosperity and resilience, today and long into the future. We carry out our work through a large-scale, holistic approach that involves:
- Ramping up of ecologically coherent networks of marine protected areas to manage fishing activities collaboratively, on the basis of ecosystems, not individual fish stocks
- Effectively implement the Paris climate agreement and keep the global temperature increase to a maximum of 1.5 C, so that invaluable ecosystems like coral reefs have a chance of surviving.
- Build strong, holistic ocean governance that ensures cooperation between states, and supporting efforts to develop a legally binding instrument on the conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity in areas beyond national jurisdiction.
To achieve these goals, WWF has been working on a number of strategies, including:
Advocate for integrated ocean management
Support small-scale fisheries and sustainable aquaculture
Promote the value of services provided by ecosystems
Manage the impacts of extractive industries (e.g. oil and gas, and seabed mining)
Promote sustainable marine tourism
Solutions for sustaining our ocean
You’ll find us monitoring endangered marine turtles nesting on beaches, in community halls discussing the zoning of local fisheries areas, and at international fora devising new global treaties that can help sustain our ocean. We are involved in marine conservation in many ways, but it all contributes to this: protect and restore ocean health so that it continues to support the lives of billions.
At work for the ocean
WWF operates at the forefront of science and policy debates, but also on the frontlines of marine conservation where people’s source of income depends exclusively on there being enough fish in the sea. Supporting communities to securing coastal livelihoodsand restoring fish stocks is central to our strategy. WWF works with governments, partners and the private sector to design and implement a true Sustainable Blue Economy to ensure that the ocean economy contributes to prosperity and the resilience of coastal communities, today and long into the future.
From policy to campaign
We are reaching out to key economic and political platforms to remind politicians of the importance of the ocean for food security, socio-economic development and livelihoods.
WWF has a loud and credible voice at high-level international fora, such as the United Nations General Assembly, where we advocate for better protection of the ocean with the High Seas Alliance, and to make sure that the ocean is part of in the global Sustainable Development Agenda.
When we need to take a stand and draw a line around places in dire need of protection, we catalyze voices and mobilize public support at a massive scale. This way we have acted to protect the Great Barrier Reef from industrial development, and the deep sea from seabed mining.
From dialogue to action
Some of our greatest successes have involved bringing governments, aid agencies, businesses and communities together to take radical action for ocean health and human well-being. When these solutions work, such as in the Coral Triangle, we strive to replicate them elsewhere around the world in places like …
the Northern Mozambique Channel, where WWF and partners support governments in setting up a regional vision and action plan that will enhance fisheries and protect critical habitat, ensuring sustainable futures for coastal communities.
the Mediterranean, where the WWF Med Marine Initiative aims to foster a regional approach to restoring fisheries and reducing the impact of the numerous threats that affect the livelihoods of coastal communities in Africa, the Middle East and Europe.
Follow WWF at link